Jeff Bezos unveils ‘Blue Moon’ lunar lander and shares updated vision for Blue Origin in space


Jeff Bezos shows off “Blue Moon,” a lunar lander built by his space company Blue Origin. (GeekWire Photo / Alan Boyle)

Update, 5 p.m. ET: Bezos showed off the new Blue Origin BE-7 engine, which will hot fire for the first time this summer. He also called out Vice President Mike Pence’s 2024 lunar landing goal. “I love this — it’s the right thing to do,” Bezos said. “We can help meet that timeline, but only because we started this three years ago. It’s time to go back to the moon, this time to stay.”

“Blue Moon” is on offer to NASA as a potential descent vehicle in 2024.

Update, 4:45 p.m. ET: Bezos unveiled “Blue Moon,” a new lunar lander built by Blue Origin over the past three years that can send payloads to the moon. It is fueled by liquid hydrogen and can soft-land between 3.6 and 6.5 metric tons on the moon. Bezos showed off features such as the communications systems and landing gear. “This vehicle is going to the moon,” he said.

Update, 4:30 p.m. ET: Bezos began his presentation Thursday with his oft-repeated feelings about Earth — “the best planet” — and his thoughts on how we must expand into solar system. “The good news is that if we move out into the solar system, for all practical purposes, we have unlimited resources,” he said.

To realize that vision, Bezos said there must be a radical reduction in launch costs and usage of in-space resources. “Lifting all of our resources off Earth just isn’t going to work,” he said.

Bezos added: “We’re going to build a road to space, and then amazing things will happen.”

Bezos talked about putting millions of people living and working in space. “Who is going to do this work? Not me. These kids in the front row — you’re going to do this, and your children are going to do this,” Bezos said, referring to students in attendance from D.C. International School and Latin American Montessori Bilingual School.

bezosblueorigin-630x420.jpgAmazon CEO and Blue Origin founder Jeff Bezos speaks at an invitation-only event in Washington D.C. (GeekWire Photo / Alan Boyle)

Original story: WASHINGTON, D.C. — Amazon billionaire Jeff Bezos is about to lay out an updated vision for his “other” multibillion-dollar venture, the Blue Origin rocket company, including plans for missions to the moon.

Bezos is due to speak at an invitation-only event planned here in Washington at 4 p.m. ET (1 p.m. PT) today. Details about his presentation were closely held in advance: The only hint that Blue Origin dropped on Twitter was a picture of Antarctic explorer Ernest Shackleton’s ship, the Endurance, sitting amid polar pack ice.

That’s interpreted as an allusion to Bezos’ plans for lunar exploration, starting with robotic missions to the moon’s polar regions and moving ahead to create a permanent human settlement on the lunar surface. A prime target for future lunar missions is Shackleton Crater near the lunar south pole, which is thought to have substantial reserves of water ice in its permanently shadowed depths.

For years, Blue Origin has been working on the design of a lander capable of delivering several tons’ worth of payload to the moon. The company suggested sending the lander, nicknamed Blue Moon, to Shackleton Crater in a proposal shared with NASA and President Donald Trump’s transition team in 2017.

Blue Origin executives have said Blue Moon could take on its first lunar mission by 2023 or so, if there’s sufficient support from NASA. That time frame meshes with NASA’s schedule for sending astronauts to the moon by 2024, laid out by Vice President Mike Pence in March. By the end of this month, the space agency intends to ask commercial ventures to propose lunar lander concepts that could be ready in time to hit the 2024 schedule.

Industry sources who gathered here for this week’s Satellite 2019 conference said they were sure that missions to the moon would figure in today’s talk, with the caveat that they didn’t have inside information about what Bezos would say.

Going to the moon isn’t the only space odyssey on Bezos’ mind. Blue Origin is testing a suborbital spaceship called New Shepard (named after Alan Shepard, the first astronaut to fly in NASA’s Project Mercury). The hardware for New Shepard is built at the company’s headquarters in Kent, Wash., and shipped to a launch facility in West Texas for flight tests.The company plans to start putting people on board by the end of this year.

Blue Origin is also developing an orbital-class rocket known as New Glenn (named after John Glenn, the first American to go into orbit). New Glenn would be powered by a new type of rocket engine, the BE-4, which uses liquefied natural gas as fuel. The BE-4 is expected to finish up qualification tests in Texas by the end of this year, with New Glenn’s first launch scheduled in 2021.

Bezos has said he’s spending a billion dollars a year on Blue Origin, with most of that money going toward the New Glenn project. BE-4 engines are currently built in Kent, but they’ll eventually be produced at a multimillion-dollar factory being built in Huntsville, Ala. New Glenn rockets will be assembled at an even bigger factory in Florida, and launched from a complex nearby at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station.

All this activity stems from Bezos’ childhood dreams of spaceflight, sparked 50 years ago when he watched the Apollo 11 moon landing at the age of 5. Some of the friends from his youth have joked that the reason he created Amazon was to earn the money to fund his own space effort — and just as jokingly, Bezos said he “can neither confirm nor deny” that claim.

Bezos has repeatedly said his dream is to have “millions of people living and working in space,” even though it may take hundreds of years to get to that point. And if there’s any single person on Earth who can help make that dream come true, it would be Bezos, whose world-leading family net worth has been estimated at close to $160 billion.

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