(University of Texas at Austin, Texas Advanced Computing Center) DesignSafe is a web-based research platform that provides the computational tools needed to manage, analyze, and understand critical data for natural hazards research. In 2017, engineers used DesignSafe to assist with post-hurricane reconnaissance in Texas, Puerto Rico and the Caribbean, speeding up analyses and allowing researchers to provide insights that can help with the rebuilding. DesignSafe's developers recently unveiled a tool that integrates diverse datasets across a range of scales to determine which homes flooded.
(The City University of New York) A multidisciplinary group of engineers, marine biologists, and roboticists have developed a sampling device that is soft, flexible, and customizable, which allows scientists to gently collect different types of organisms from the sea without harming them.
(Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science) Increasing healthy brown fat might help weight management and reduce symptoms of diabetes. Columbia Engineers have developed a simple, innovative method to directly convert white fat to brown fat outside the body and then reimplant it in a patient. The technique uses fat-grafting procedures commonly performed by plastic surgeons, in which fat is harvested from under the skin and then retransplanted into the same patient for cosmetic or reconstructive purposes.
(Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT) ) For his research relating to the search for sources of highest-energy particles of cosmic rays from the Milky Way, Dr. Frank Schröder, scientist of Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) and assistant professor at the University of Delaware, USA, is award-ed an ERC Starting Grant: The European Research Council will fund his project with EUR 1.6 million for a period of five years.
(Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne) EPFL researchers have developed an optical fiber capable of detecting what sort of material or liquid they have come into contact with. Their research has been published in Nature Communications.
(IMDEA Networks Institute) The 5TONIC 5G co-creation laboratory in Madrid, together with some of its member companies, has been awarded a vital role in three high-profile EU-sponsored 5G development projects. The awards cement the laboratory's position as one of Europe's foremost 5G digital innovation centers.
(Medical College of Georgia at Augusta University) Using a manmade version of a human antibody to directly deliver a drug that inhibits a powerful driver of inflammation, can reverse a disease course that often leads to kidney failure and dialysis, investigators report.
(USDA Forest Service - Northern Research Station) Whether it is caused by wildfire or prescribed fire, smoke can have serious health ramifications. USDA Forest Service scientists evaluated 39,000 tweets originating in California during the state's 2015 wildfire season to learn whether what people tweet can be used to predict air quality in areas affected by fire.
(University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign) Many city drinking water systems add softening agents to keep plumbing free of pipe-clogging mineral buildup. According to new research, these additives may amplify the risk of pathogen release into drinking water by weakening the grip that bacteria -- like those responsible for Legionnaires' disease -- have on pipe interiors.
(The University of Hong Kong) Chair Professor in GIS in Urban Planning Professor Anthony Yeh and his research team invented the world's first Smart Address Plate (SAP) which when installed in buildings or shops, can help users determine their location and find outdoor and indoor destinations easily via one mobile application.
(Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia - IIT) Researchers at IIT-Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia completed the realization, assembly and testing of a new disaster response robot: the Centauro, consisting of a four-legged base and an anthropomorphic upper body. The robot is capable of performing robust locomotion, high strength manipulation and harsh interactions that may be necessary during the execution of disaster relief tasks. The development of the robot is within the framework of the research project Centauro funded by the European Commission
YouTube, Facebook and other sites are working together to find and delete extremist propaganda and recruiting videos, but a new study says they can do better-- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com
(The Optical Society) Researchers have shown that a chip-based device measuring a millimeter square could be used to generate quantum-based random numbers at gigabit per second speeds. The tiny device requires little power and could enable stand-alone random number generators or be incorporated into laptops and smart phones to offer real-time encryption.