(Northwestern University) By successfully suppressing spectral cross-talk in dual-band photodetectors, Professor Manijeh Razeghi has opened the door to a new generation of infrared imaging devices with applications in medicine as well as defense and security.
(Rice University) A new one-step method discovered by synthetic organic chemists at Rice University allows nitrogen atoms to be added to precursor compounds used in the design and manufacture of drugs, pesticides, fertilizers and other products.
(Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne) EPFL scientists have developed microscopic, hydrogel-based muscles that can manipulate and mechanically stimulate biological tissue. These soft, biocompatible robots could be used for targeted therapy and to help diagnose and prevent disease.
(Virginia Tech) New research suggests that drivers who use hands-free electronic devices, as opposed to handheld ones, are less likely to get into a crash.
(Massachusetts Institute of Technology) Researchers have been able to decipher a key aspect of the behavior of perovskites made with different formulations: With certain additives there is a kind of 'sweet spot' where greater amounts will enhance performance and beyond which further amounts begin to degrade it. The findings are detailed this week in the journal Science.
(University of Münster) Psychologists and information scientists at the University of Münster have looked at how digital information systems support daily work and why it can be a good for us to forget certain things. The results of their study have been published in the Ergonomics journal.
A clean energy think tank has proposed ways to make industry and shipping cleaner with existing technologies-- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com
Researchers fly the first atmospheric aircraft to use space-proven ionic thrust technology-- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com
(Medical University of South Carolina) Medical University of South Carolina neuroscientists have identified a region of brain that may be a new clinical target to treat addiction. In a Translational Psychiatry article, they report locating a 'hot spot' in brain activity associated with substance use disorder that could potentially be targeted by brain stimulation therapies such as transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). These findings have led to a clinical trial of TMS in patients with cocaine and alcohol use disorder.
(Nanyang Technological University) NTU Singapore scientists have developed a 'contact lens' patch with microneedles that could be a painless and efficient alternative to current methods of treating eye diseases such as glaucoma. Patients are unable to keep up with the prescribed regime of current localised treatment methods like eye drops, which are hindered by the eye's natural defences, blinking and tears. Eye injections can be painful and carry an infection risk and eye damage.
(Medical Research Council) Scientists have equipped a virus that kills carcinoma cells with a protein so it can also target and kill adjacent cells that are tricked into shielding the cancer from the immune system. It is the first time that cancer-associated fibroblasts within solid tumors -- healthy cells that are tricked into protecting the cancer from the immune system and supplying it with growth factors and nutrients -- have been specifically targeted in this way.
(University of California - Berkeley) A single season of high school football may cause microscopic changes in the structure of the brain, according to a new study by researchers at the University of California, Berkeley, Duke University and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. A new type of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed significant changes in the structure of the grey matter in the front and rear of the brain and changes to structures deep inside the brain.
A man in his 50s is the first of seven patients to receive the experimental therapy-- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com
(Rice University) A 'smart skin' developed at Rice University employs the unique fluorescent characteristics of carbon nanotubes to quickly assess strain in materials. The method is intended for aircraft, spacecraft and critical infrastructures in which mechanical strain needs to be monitored.