A clean energy think tank has proposed ways to make industry and shipping cleaner with existing technologies-- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com
Researchers fly the first atmospheric aircraft to use space-proven ionic thrust technology-- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com
(Medical University of South Carolina) Medical University of South Carolina neuroscientists have identified a region of brain that may be a new clinical target to treat addiction. In a Translational Psychiatry article, they report locating a 'hot spot' in brain activity associated with substance use disorder that could potentially be targeted by brain stimulation therapies such as transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). These findings have led to a clinical trial of TMS in patients with cocaine and alcohol use disorder.
(Nanyang Technological University) NTU Singapore scientists have developed a 'contact lens' patch with microneedles that could be a painless and efficient alternative to current methods of treating eye diseases such as glaucoma. Patients are unable to keep up with the prescribed regime of current localised treatment methods like eye drops, which are hindered by the eye's natural defences, blinking and tears. Eye injections can be painful and carry an infection risk and eye damage.
(Medical Research Council) Scientists have equipped a virus that kills carcinoma cells with a protein so it can also target and kill adjacent cells that are tricked into shielding the cancer from the immune system. It is the first time that cancer-associated fibroblasts within solid tumors -- healthy cells that are tricked into protecting the cancer from the immune system and supplying it with growth factors and nutrients -- have been specifically targeted in this way.
(University of California - Berkeley) A single season of high school football may cause microscopic changes in the structure of the brain, according to a new study by researchers at the University of California, Berkeley, Duke University and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. A new type of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed significant changes in the structure of the grey matter in the front and rear of the brain and changes to structures deep inside the brain.
A man in his 50s is the first of seven patients to receive the experimental therapy-- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com
(Rice University) A 'smart skin' developed at Rice University employs the unique fluorescent characteristics of carbon nanotubes to quickly assess strain in materials. The method is intended for aircraft, spacecraft and critical infrastructures in which mechanical strain needs to be monitored.
(Purdue University) Purdue University researchers have developed a shoe insole that could help make the healing process more portable for the 15 percent of Americans who develop ulcers as a result of diabetes.
(NIH/National Eye Institute) By combining two imaging modalities -- adaptive optics and angiography -- investigators at the National Eye Institute (NEI) can see live neurons, epithelial cells, and blood vessels deep in the eye's light-sensing retina. Resolving these tissues and cells in the outermost region of the retina in such unprecedented detail promises to transform the detection and treatment of diseases such as age-related macular degeneration (AMD), a leading cause of blindness among the elderly.
(University of Arizona College of Engineering) By developing stronger and more stable phase change material -- the stuff that holds the data stored on microchips and rewritable CDs -- researcher Pierre Lucas brings us closer to a reality where data storage systems operate like artificial neural networks.
(Virginia Tech) Virginia Tech researchers found a way to give high-performance computing data systems the flexibility to thrive with a first-of-its-kind framework called BespoKV, perhaps helping to one day achieve the HPC goal of performing at the exascale, or a billion billion calculations per second.
(University of Edinburgh) Researchers have developed an inexpensive way to make products incorporating nanoparticles -- such as high-performance energy devices or sophisticated diagnostic tests -- which could speed the commercial development of devices, materials and technologies.