Nature

(GFZ GeoForschungsZentrum Potsdam, Helmholtz Centre) Nearly 13,000 years ago, pines in southern France experienced a cold snap, which scientists have now reconstructed. The study about the consequences of a drastic climate change event in past and its implications for our future will be published tomorrow in Scientific Reports. The authors are from GFZ Potsdam, Berlin, the UK, Switzerland, and France.
September 18, 2018
(University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign) A geologist, a microscopist and a doctor walk into a lab and, with their colleagues, make a discovery that overturns centuries of thought about the nature and composition of kidney stones. The team's key insight, reported in the journal Scientific Reports, is that kidney stones are built up in calcium-rich layers that resemble other mineralizations in nature, such as those forming coral reefs or arising in hot springs, Roman aqueducts or subsurface oil fields.
September 13, 2018
(Desert Research Institute) Low-severity wildland fires and prescribed burns have long been presumed by scientists and resource managers to be harmless to soils, but this may not be the case, new research shows. According to two new studies by a team from the University of California, Merced (UCM) and the Desert Research Institute (DRI), low-severity burns cause damage to soil structure and organic matter in ways that are not immediately apparent after a fire.
September 10, 2018
(Aarhus University) Toddlers aged just 1 1/2 years prefer individuals whom other people yield to. It appears to be deeply rooted in human nature to seek out those with the highest social status. This motive might have evolved because being close to high-ranking individuals has given people access to resources, territory and mates.
September 07, 2018
(Michigan Technological University) Researchers found that using bio-sequestration to capture carbon produced by US coal-fired plants even after carbon capture and storage would require using 62 percent of the nation's arable land for that process, or 89 percent of all US land with average forest cover. In comparison, offsetting the amount of carbon produced by manufacturing solar panels is 13 times less land, making it a far more viable option.
September 07, 2018
(Kanazawa University) Charophyceae are relatives of land plants, whose genomes have been envisioned to contain important information to understand how land plants evolved from their ancestors in the Paleozoic era. Here we report the draft genome of Chara braunii from Charophyceae, and its comparison to land plants, Klebsormidium nitens, and other green algae. The comparison revealed acquisition of genes before and after the divergence of Charophyceae in the lineage leading to land plants, as well within Charophyceae.
September 06, 2018
(University of Oklahoma) A University of Oklahoma research group, led by Mark Nanny, is the recipient of a National Science Foundation Major Research Instrumentation grant in the amount of $396,778. The Inductively Coupled Plasma-Mass Spectrometer with Laser Ablation and Liquid Chromatography capabilities will enable collaboration among researchers at OU, Oklahoma State University and the University of Tulsa in specific areas of research and coordination with Oklahoma Tribal Nations in various research projects.
September 05, 2018
(University of Arizona) The Sonoran Desert is one of the world's most biodiverse deserts, thanks to the annual monsoon, which provide a source of moisture in addition to seasonal winter rains. UA researchers were able to access untapped clues about the monsoon's activity during the last ice age, about 20,000 years ago. Their findings help scientists predict how regional climates may respond to future conditions.
September 03, 2018