(University of Cincinnati) Secondhand smoke linked to poor health, higher absenteeism, increased likelihood to seek medical attention among adolescents
(University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus) The University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus has received a $120 million gift, the largest private philanthropic commitment in its history, to further elevate its stature as one of the country's top medical destinations
(The Physiological Society) A sedentary lifestyle can cause an impairment of the transport of blood around the body, which increases the risk of disease in the heart and blood vessels. New research published in Experimental Physiology suggests that performing simple leg exercises whilst lying down might help to prevent these problems.
(Iowa State University) Gender stereotypes and biases still influence voters, especially in elections with more than one woman on the ballot. New research from Iowa State University found gender had the greatest effect on down-ballot races, in which women were running for a legislative office and another woman appeared on the ballot for a higher office, such as governor or president.
(Picower Institute at MIT) Inhibitory neurons in the aging brain show reduced growth and plasticity, likely contributing to declines in brain function. In a new study in mice researchers at the Picower Institute at MIT show that treatment with fluoxetine restored substantial growth and plasticity.
(St. Michael's Hospital) Adolescent girls and young women in Mombasa, Kenya are more likely to experience higher risks of HIV and gender-based violence when they are involved with sex work venues or have sexual experiences at a young age, suggests a study co-led by St. Michael's Hospital and the University of Manitoba in Canada.
(University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston) Four years after their publication by the Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology (ONC), voluntary guidelines designed to increase the safety of e-health records have yet to be implemented fully, according to a survey led by a researcher at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth). Findings appeared recently in the Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association.
(NIH/National Cancer Institute) Steven A. Rosenberg, M.D., Ph.D., of the Center for Cancer Research (CCR) at the National Cancer Institute (NCI), has been named a recipient of the 2018 Albany Medical Center Prize in Medicine and Biomedical Research for his leading role in the development of immunotherapy to treat cancer. Dr. Rosenberg will share the honor with fellow immunotherapy researchers James P. Allison, Ph.D., and Carl H. June, M.D.
Researchers are developing new treatments for a depression symptom called anhedonia-- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com
(Ohio State University) Married people who fight nastily are more likely to suffer from leaky guts -- a problem that unleashes bacteria into the blood and can drive up disease-causing inflammation, new research suggests.
(Regenstrief Institute) A new study investigates pre-existing perceptions about pain medications by individuals with chronic pain and how these perceptions relate to patients' experiences with these medications. The study found that, despite strongly held beliefs about opioid and non-opioid medications, patients were often surprised by their own results from these drugs.
(University of Missouri-Columbia) More than 100 years ago, German Nobel laureate Paul Ehrlich popularized the 'magic bullet' concept -- a method that clinicians might one day use to target invading microbes without harming other parts of the body. Although chemotherapies have been highly useful as targeted treatments for cancer, unwanted side effects still plague patients. Now, researchers at the University of Missouri have demonstrated that specialized nucleic acid-based nanostructures could be used to target cancer cells while bypassing normal cells.
People infected with the once-deadly virus can now be donors-- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com
(Medical College of Georgia at Augusta University) Higher levels of oxidative stress in males results in lower levels of a cofactor needed to make the powerful blood vessel dilator nitric oxide, researchers report.
(University of Liverpool) A major new study has shown that rotavirus vaccination reduced infant diarrhoea deaths by 34 percent in rural Malawi, a region with high levels of child deaths. The study led by scientists at the University of Liverpool, UCL, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and partners in Malawi provides the first population-level evidence from a low-income country that rotavirus vaccination saves lives.