(UT Southwestern Medical Center) A UT Southwestern study suggests why urinary tract infections (UTIs) have such a high recurrence rate in postmenopausal women -- several species of bacteria can invade the bladder walls.
(University of California - Riverside) A team of psychologists has found strong associations between working memory -- a fundamental building block of a functioning mind -- and three health-related factors: sleep, age, and depressed mood. The team also reports that each of these factors is associated with different aspects of working memory. Working memory is the part of short-term memory that temporarily stores and manages information required for cognitive tasks such as learning, reasoning, and comprehension.
(Michigan State University) A new Michigan State University study adds to growing evidence that participating in recreational sports not only can help improve grades while attending college, but it also can help students return for another year.
(Kanazawa University) Researchers led by Kanazawa University developed a transgenic approach to inactivating the mosquito salivary protein AAPP. Transgenic mosquitoes showed significantly longer probing and prediuresis times, and worse feeding success and meal sizes compared with their wild-type counterparts. Although malarial parasite development was unaffected by these behavioral changes in a laboratory setting, real-world stresses associated with parasite burdens would be expected to adversely affect the survival of transgenic mosquitoes.
(RMIT University) A new study suggests high levels of the hormone ghrelin, which stimulates appetite and is also released during stress, could be harmful to some aspects of reproductive function.
In the past, measles outbreaks have been brought under control with vaccines, but the dynamic may be shifting-- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com
(University of North Carolina Health Care) Chlamydia is the most prevalent bacterial STI in the world. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill researchers, in partnership with colleagues at sites in the US, Europe and Australia, will receive up to $10.7 million over five years from the NIH to move closer to identifying a vaccine.
We can “nudge” our way toward a healthier planet-- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com
It sometimes feels like science can do anything—but our health, like the cosmos, is shaped by forces that can dwarf even our most brilliant advances-- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com
(Burness) The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) has awarded TB Alliance a Center of Excellence in Translational Research (CETR) grant (U19AI142735) for tuberculosis (TB) drug development. New translational research to develop novel anti-TB medicines is being carried out with partners at the University of Illinois at Chicago, Harvard University, Johns Hopkins University, and Research Triangle Institute.
(Wiley) Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) encompass traumas such as abuse, neglect, and household challenges. In an Arthritis Care & Research study of adults with lupus, higher ACE levels, as well as the presence of ACEs from each of these three domains, were associated with worse patient-reported accounts of disease activity, organ damage, depression, physical function, and overall health status.
(Massachusetts Institute of Technology) We live in a world of wireless signals flowing around us and bouncing off our bodies. MIT researchers are now leveraging those signal reflections to provide scientists and caregivers with valuable insights into people's behavior and health.
(TechLink) VA funded researchers develop and patent protein biomarkers blood test technology for patients with multiple sclerosis, which could replace more costly tests for diagnosing a relapse, ie, an MRI scan.
A new study adds to growing evidence that immune system dysfunction and altered gut microbes may contribute to the development of eating disorders-- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com
(Universidad Carlos III de Madrid) The Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M) is taking part in a European research project called Just4All, coordinated by the ONCE Foundation, which aims to improve access to justice for people with disabilities through awareness and training of law professionals in the European Union.