(University of Arizona) A UA team shows that evolution is driven by dependency on other species within ecological communities - testing a long-held idea of the UA's late, great George Gaylord Simpson.
(University of Alberta) Eclogitic diamonds formed in Earth's mantle originate from oceanic crust, rather than marine sediments as commonly thought, according to a new study from University of Alberta geologists.
(Cambridge University Press) The 2019 MRS Communications Lecture will be presented by Timothy J. Bunning from the Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio.
Such processes are often missing from climate models, leading to underestimates of long-term damage-- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com
(Tokyo Institute of Technology) Researchers at Tokyo Tech have developed a nanosized container bearing photoswitches that takes up hydrophobic compounds of various size and shape in water and subsequently releases them quantitatively by non-invasive light stimulus. The installed switches allow reusing of the container after successful release of the cargo. The novel system represents a versatile platform for future developments in fields such as materials chemistry and biomedicine.
(Society for Personality and Social Psychology) Psychology researchers exploring the belonging and achievement of middle school students found valuing cultural diversity reduces achievement gaps over the course of a year, while policies that favor colorblindness and assimilation led to wider achievement gaps.
(University of Tokyo) In a recent study in mice, researchers found a way to deliver specific drugs to parts of the body that are exceptionally difficult to access. Their Y-shaped block catiomer (YBC) binds with certain therapeutic materials forming a package 18 nanometers wide. The package is less than one-fifth the size of those produced in previous studies, so can pass through much smaller gaps. This allows YBCs to slip through tight barriers in cancers of the brain or pancreas.
(John Innes Centre) The precious chemistry of a plant used for 2000 years in traditional Chinese medicine has been unlocked in a project that raises the prospect of rapid access to a wide array of therapeutic drugs.
(University of Hawaii at Manoa) Patches of coral reef are often surrounded by very large 'halos' of bare sand that are hundreds to thousands of square meters. Two recently published studies and a third feature story led by Elizabeth Madin, assistant research professor at the University of Hawai'i at Mānoa, shed light on these enigmatic features that are visible from space.
(International Cytokine & Interferon Society) The International Cytokine & Interferon Society (ICIS) announced today that the Seymour and Vivian Milstein Award for Excellence in Cytokine and Interferon Research (The 'Milstein Award') has been bestowed on two world leaders in deciphering the fundamental mechanisms of innate immunity in directing cytokine driven responses. Akiko Iwasaki, Ph.D., and Hao Wu, Ph.D., will share the 2019 Milstein Award at the 31st Milstein Award ceremony on October 20 at Cytokines 2019, in Vienna, Austria.
(InSilico Medicine, Inc.) Gil Hospital and Longenesis enter research collaboration to integrate Health Data Management Solution.
AI and supercomputing are rapidly shifting the way disaster planners, regulators and insurers gauge climate hazards-- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com